Michiel Coxie was probably a pupil of Bernard van Orley (ca. 1490-1541) and is known as one of the main representatives of Flemish Romanism. Besides painting portraits and religious scenes, he also designed stained glass and tapestries.
He went to Rome around 1530 where he was strongly influenced by Raphael, became a member of Michelangelo's circle, while also studying other Renaissance painters and classical antiquity. Coxie knew the artist biographer Giorgio Vasari personally, who wrote about him in his Vite, calling Coxie the "Flemish Raphael".
In 1531, Coxie was commissioned to paint two chapels in the Santa Maria dell’Anima (only one of which has survived). In 1534 he became a member of the Accademia di San Luca and he was associated with the della Valle household. He was the first Netherlandish artist who mastered the fresco technique, of which examples can be found in Rome. Now lost is a Ressurection which he painted for the St Peters Basilica.
Coxie returned to the Netherlands where he became a member of the painter’s guild in Mechelen in 1539. He introduced a revolutionary style derived from Italian High Renaissance art, and obtained many prestigious commissions. The pinnacle of his career was his appointment as court painter to Emperor Charles V and Philip II. (HT)
If you spot any mistakes or have suggestions for improvement, please let us know by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
B.C. van den Boogert, 'Habsburgs imperialisme en de verspreiding van renaissance-vormen in de Nederlanden: de vensters van Michiel Coxcie in de Sint-Goedele te Brussel', Oud Holland 106 (1992), pp. 57-79
B. Borghgraef et al., Michiel Coxcie: de Vlaamse Rafaël (1499-1592), Mechelen 1992
N.F. Grazzini, 'Renaissance tapestry and Italian patronage', in: K. Brosens (ed.), Flemish tapestry in European and American collections. Studies in honour of Guy Delmarcel, Turnhout 2003, pp. 49–58
G. Knopp & W. Handsmann, S. Maria dell‘ Anima. Die deutsche Nationalkirche in Rom, Mönchengladbach 1979
R. de Smedt (ed.), 'Michel Coxcie, pictor regis (1499-1592)', Handelingen van de Koninklijke Kring voor Oudheidkunde, Letteren en Kunst van Mechelen 96-2, Mechelen 1992
J. Vervaet, 'Mannerism and the Italian influence in sixteenth-century Antwerp', Apollo (1977), pp. 168-175