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Johannes Craner

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Johannes Craner

Amsterdam, 2 April 1802 - Haarlem, 14 June 1880
In Rome: 
1828 - 1830
Address in Rome: 
Via del Babuino 51

In 1827, Amsterdam born architect Johannes Craner was honoured with the first prize of the Prix de Rome in the field of architecture, which was awarded only twice to architecture students of the Koninklijke Academie van Beeldende Kunsten (Royal Academy of Fine Arts) (again in 1837 to Anthonie Willem van Dam). Craner’s journey South to explore and study the classical idealism embodied in Roman architecture began on the 8th of January 1828, and he arrived in Rome in July. He stayed there for two years, and he became acquainted with the French architect Alexandre Decraene from Tournai, who introduced him to the French winners of the Prix de Rome at the Villa Medici.

No work of Craner of this period is currently known to us. After his two year stay in Rome he travelled via Genoa and Turin to Paris, where he stayed for about a year.

On his return to The Netherlands the board of directors of the Koninklijke Academie van Beeldende Kunsten was both surprised and pleased with Craners portfolio and general artistic proficiency. In 1834, he started working for the national government, and made spectaculair designs for governmental buildings in and around the Binnenhof in The Hague. These plans, however, were never executed. (MT)

Illustration:

J. Craner
Design of a town hall, the winning drawing of the Koninklijke Academie van Beeldende Kunsten, frontview and cross-section over the length, 1825
Collectie Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed, Amersfoort

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