The Bamboccianti were a group of genre painters active in Rome. They worked in the manner of Pieter van Laer and were called after Van Laer’s Bent name, Il Bamboccio, bamboccio being a kind of play thing or child's thing.
They were specialized in bambocciate (Fr. bambocciade), a variety of low-life painting characterized by its small size, naturalistic style and references to contemporary Italian popular culture.
The paintings of the Bamboccianti went against the conventions of the Accademia di San Luca, the highest artistic institution in Rome. Despite the negative comments on the Bamboccianti, their works became popular and can be found in aristocratic art collections such as the Spada, Corsini, Colonna, Barberini and Pallavicini galleries.